아밋 스툿은 구글에서 googleartproject.com 의 책임자로서 있는 사람입니다. 그는 각 국의 박물관을 여행하며 수많은 미술품들을 보면서 많은 것 들을 배웠습니다. 그러나 인도에서 그가 수학할 때는 이런 미술품들을 접할 기회가 전혀 없었습니다. 그리고 그는 구글에 입사해서 제한된 나라에만 있는 박물관들을 온라인 상으로 옮기는 프로젝트를 시작하였고, 지금 어느정도의 결과물로 나와 있는 상태입니다.

어떻게 박물관을 옮겨 놓느냐. 이는 우리가 이제는 익숙해진 구글 스트릿뷰를 생각하시면 쉽습니다. 박물관 통로를 따라 이동하며 전방위로 시야를 움직이며 진열된 작품들을 감상할 수 있고, 자세히 감상하고 싶은 작품이 있으면 클릭을 하면 확대된 그림을 볼 수 있습니다.



여기서 얼핏 보면 간단해 보이는 이 프로젝트를 쿨하게 만들어 주는 특징이 있습니다. 바로 10billion pixels (환산하면 100억 픽셀) 화질로 그림을 감상할 수 있다는 것입니다. 이 정도 화질이면 우리 눈으로 작품을 직접 감상하는 것보다, 더 자세하게 볼 수 있는 것입니다. 즉 눈에 보이지 않는 것을 볼 수 있게 되는 거죠.  

                                               


본 강연에서는,  반고흐의 '별이 빛나는 밤' 을 예를 들어 보여 주었습니다. 만약 초 고 화질로 이 그림을 본다면, 가장 좋아하는 부분을 확대하여, 고흐의 붓터치나, 스트로크 기술을 자세히 감상할 수 있다고 합니다. 실제로 강연자가 시연할 때 눈에 보이지 않는 미세한 유화의 갈라짐까지 보여주는데, 정말 입이 다물어지지 않더군요. 개인적인 생각으로는 앞으로, 이런 기가픽셀로 그림을 볼 수 있게 된다면, 많은 사람들이 그림을 자유롭게 연구할 수 있게 되어 준 전문가인 프로츄어들이많이 늘어나게 되고, 그만큼 예술 작품이 많은 사람들에게 대중화 될 수 있는 그런 기회게 될 수 있다고 보여집니다.

이 프로젝트의 중요한 특징은 하나가 더 있습니다. 우리가 박물관에 갈 때 를 생각해 보면, 보고 싶은 작품 하나를 위해 유명 전시장을 찾아 가던 경우가 더럿 있습니다. 이런 불편함을 온라인상에서나마 극복하고 싶었던 것일까요. 이용자들은 자신이 좋아하는 작품들을 자신만의 웹 박물관에 모아서 전시를 할 수 있습니다. 그리고 그 작품에 대한 큐레이터가 되어 설명을 덧 붙이고, 이것을 친구들과 공유를 할 수 있습니다. 

그렇다면 이 사이버 박물관의 담당자인 아밋 씨는 이 프로젝트의 의의를 어디에 두고 있을까요? 그는 이 프로젝트 박물관 관람의 경험을 그대로 옮겨놓기 위한 것이 아니라, 그 경험을 어떤 것과보충하기 위한 것이라고 합니다. 경험에 무엇을 보충 하느냐면, 작품 그대로(기가픽셀로)를 박물관도 아니고 구글도 아닌 바로 작가로부터 제공 받는 기회 라는 것입니다.



 
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I'm a pediatrician and anesthesiologist who put children into sleep for a living. An I'm in academics so i put audiences to sleep for free. But what i actually and mostly do is that I mangage pain management service at the Packerd children's hospitals of Stanford in Paloalto. And it's from the experience of about 20 or 25 years of doing that. That i want to bring to you the message this morning is that pain is a disease. Now most of times you think the pain is a symptom of a disease and that's true most of time. It's the symptom of tumor or infection or inflammation or an operation. But about 10% of the time after the patient has recovered from one of those events pain persist. it persist for months and often times for years. And when that happens it is its own disease. And before i tell you about how it is that what we think that happens, and what we can do about this, I want to show how it feels for my patients. So imagine if you will, that i'm stroking your arm with feather as i'm stroking my are right now. Now i want you to imagine that i'm stroking my arm with this. A very different feeling. And now what does it have to do with chronic pain.. Imagine if you will, (with) these two ideas together, imagine what your life would be like. If i were to stroke with this feather but brain was telling you is that this is what you are feeling . And that is experience of my patients with chronic pain. In fact, imagine something even worse. Imagine if i'm stroking your child's arms with feather, and their brain were telling them that they were feeling this torch. that was experience of my patient Chandler whom you see in the photograph. As you can see she is beautiful young woman she was 16 years old last year when i met her, she spired to be a professional dancer. And during the course of one of her dance rehearsal she fell in her outstretched arm and sprained her wrist. Now you would probably imagine that she did the wrist sprain is a trivial event in one person's life. Wrap with adhesive bandage, take some ibuprofen for a week or two and that's the end of the story. This is what her arm look like when she came to my clinic about 3 months after her sprain. You can see that her arm is discolored puplish color . it was cata~ cally cold to the touch. The muscles were frozen paralyzed. Dystonic is what we refer to that. The pain has spread from her wrist to her hand to her finger tips from her wrist up to her elbow almost all the way of her shoulder. But the worst part was not the spontaneous pain that was there for 24hours a day. The worst part she had was allodynia the medical term for phenomenon that i've just illustrated with the feather and a torch. The lightest touch of her arm the touch of her hand the touch even of her sleeves of her garment that she put it on caused excruciating burning pain. How can this nerve system get this so wrong, misinterpret innocent sensation like the touch of a hand and turn it into a malevolent sensation of a touch of flame. You probably imagine that the nerve system of the body is hard wire of your house. In your house the wire run in the wall from the switch to the junction box in the ceiling and from the junction box to the light bulb. and when you turn the switch on the light goes on. So the people imagine that the nerve system is just like that. If you hit your thumb with hammer these wires in your arm that of course we call it nerve transmit information up to the junction box in the spinal cords where new wires new nerves takes the information up to the brain where you become consciously aware that your thumb is now hurt. But the situation of course in the human body is far more complicated than that. Instead of being the case that that junction box in the spinal cord is just simply one nerve communicate with next nerve by releasing these little brown packets of chemical information called neural transmitters in a linear one on one fashion. in fact what happens is the neural transmitter spill out in 3D laterally vertically up and down the spinal cord and it start interacting with other adjacent cells. This cell is called glial cells for once thought to be unimportant structure elements of spinal cord that did nothing more that hold all the important things together like the nerves. But it turns out the glial cells has vital role in the modulation and amplification in the case of pain and in the distortion of sensory experience. This glial cells become activated their DNA starts to synthesize new proteins which spill out and interact with adjacent nerve. and they starts to release their neural transmitter. and those neural transmitter spills out in activated adjacent glial cells so on and so forth. until what we have is a positive feedback loop. it's almost is as if somebody came into your hose and rewire your wall and when the next time you turn on the light switch the toilet flush three doors down or your dish washer went on or your computer monitor will turn off. That's crazy but that's infect what happens with chronic pain and that is why pain becomes its own disease. The nerve system has its plasticity. it changes and it morphs and response to stimuli . What can we do in the Chandler's case . We treat this patient in a rather crude fashion or this point and time we treat them with symptom modifying drugs,pain killers which are frankly not very effective for this kind of pain.  We takes nerves that are noisy and active that should be quiet and we put them to sleep with local anesthetics, and mostly important what we do is we use a rigorous and often uncomfortable process of physical therapy and occupational therapy to retrain the nerve system to respond normally to the activity and sensory experience that are parts of everyday life. And we support all of that with the intensive psycho therapy program to address the despondency, despair, and depression that always accompanies with severe chronic pain.  it was successful as you can see from this video of chandler who two month after we met chandler is now doing the back flip and i had lunch with her yesterday because she was college student of ~~~ here. And she is doing absolutely fantastic. But the future is actually even brighter the future holds the promise that new drugs will be developed that are not symptom modifying drugs that simply mask the problem as we have now, but that will be disease modifying drugs that would actually go right to the root of the problem and attack those glial cells or those pre~~tious protein that the glial cells elaborate that spill over and cause central neural system wind up wh plasticity that is so escapable of distorting and amplifying the sensory experience that we call pain . So that i have hope that in the future the prophetic words of George Carlen will be realized who said "my philosophy ?, No pain No pain " Thank you very much.


중간에 임시저장이 잘못되어 다 지워졌다.
내용은 간단하다.
만성통증은 말초신경에서 느껴진 자극이 척추에서 증폭되어, 작은 자극도 심각한 통증으로 느껴지는 것을 말한다. 원래 직선형으로 전달되어야할 신호가 방사형으로 신호가 퍼지게 되면 주위의 모든 신경들이 자극을 받아 처음 받은 신호가 몇배로 증폭이 된다. 문제의 원인은 척추의 글리올 세포에 있는데 이는 처음에 중요하지 않은 세포로 알려졌으나, 신경전달 물질은 사방에 뿌리는 만성통증의 주 원인으로 밝혀졌다. 지금은 행동 및 정신 치료를 통해 통증을 치료한다. 하지만 미래에는 만성통증을 일으키는 원인에 직접적으로 작용을는 약물이 나올 것이라고 강연자는 말학고 있다 .
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 Don't feel disturbed that a person like me is writing about 'a favorable character'. I know myself than anybody else does. I am really a man of difficult access. Many people have said that it was too difficult to get along with. I didn't understand why before, but now I recognize what's wrong with me. The book called "Law of Attraction" (Frank Nauman) has taught me a lot about how important it is to be attractive to others, what determines one's attractiveness and how to become attractive. I'm going to introduce this book to you my beloved PECian, and I hope this book will do great job on your personal connection managing. 

 Do you know, in what second does people recognize whether a person have favorable impression or not? It takes average less than a second, 0.1sec. Mostly the first impression plays important role in developing relationship with other people, and furthermore it makes you have troubles with networking. So not only doing your best on developing  your skills, ability, and knowledge, but also you have to strive to look good to others. There are plenty of things to work on. Facial expression, good tone of  voice, correct posture, good eloquence, good sense of style, and leadership are suggested in the book, and these all can be acquired with your endeavor.

However there is one thing that can change you fundamentally. Once you achieve this, the favorable characteristics introduced above are bound to be followed by. Also in reverse, when you are accustomed to new habits, you can get 'this'.  Either way you choose, you will eventually become a attractive person. Then what on earth is 'this'?  Loving Yourself is the answer.

The side effect derived by not loving yourself is far-reaching. You may always have negative attitude to everything that makes your facial expression so gloomy or it makes you speak in a way other people don't favor.You will also suffer from inferiority complex which can makes you don't satisfy with anything you do. You are confident of nothing, so your posture look somewhat slouch. This inferiority is somewhat helpful in terms of that it motivate one's ability or skills in order to receive credit for it, but the problem is that the person never feel happy about it, because he/she is not satisfied.

Personally says, I have been dominated by sense of inferiority, and I rarely felt happiness, sometimes even exacerbated by others' cheerful mood. When you go too further with this negative mood, you can easily be trapped in vicious cycle. I tired to practice and foster habits of positive attitude. Surprisingly. I could eyewitness the changes myself in a way I control the feeling. The book says it is proven solutions for those who are having difficulties cultivating self-respect.

People prefer to be infected by happy people. Since both happiness and depression are contagious, these mood transmit among people easily. Then people bound to avoid depressed people and get closer to the happy. And this is what we call 'likability' or attractiveness.


Now we know the principle of likability. The only thing left is to try out.
  
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